Periodontitis is a disease of the periodontal tissues that develops from long-term inflamed gums. These are chronic ulcers in the gums that have not been controlled. It is painless, so most sufferers do not know it is a bacterial infection. It is recognized by the signs of swollen and bleeding gums and bad breath. These signs of the disease are usually taken seriously by people only when their teeth start to chatter and fall out. Many of us take the occasional bleeding gums when brushing our teeth or chewing harder food as a matter of course. We often resort to antiseptic mouthwashes, which disinfect inflamed gums and soothe inflammation, but this is a temporary measure. Destroying bacteria in the oral cavity is only a temporary solution for healthy teeth and gums. The source of the problems is dental plaque, to which bacteria bind and release toxins that gradually penetrate deeper. Thus, they destroy connective and other periodontal tissues, and eventually also the jawbone. When the tissue is destroyed, the teeth become loose and begin to fall out.
Periodontitis is very common and can be prevented with good oral hygiene, regular dental visits and by taking care of general health. With treatment, most cases of this condition improve within a few weeks. However, if left untreated, the condition can lead to tooth loss, pain and severe infection. Treatment includes deep cleansing under the gums by periodontists. In some cases, root canal remodelling is performed to prevent the return of harmful plaque. Severe cases may require surgery.
What symptoms alert us to the onset of periodontitis?
This disease can be treated by a periodontist, dentist or dental hygienist. The best option for successful treatment is a daily routine of thorough oral care and, in case of smoking, complete cessation of tobacco. The goal of treating periodontitis is to clean the ulcers in the gums around the teeth and thus prevent bone damage.
What are the factors that increase the chance of developing periodontal disease?
Useful tips to prevent periodontitis:
1. Brush your teeth twice a day or after each meal,
2. Use a soft toothbrush and change it every 3 to 4 months,
3. Brush your teeth from the gums to the teeth (in case of inaccuracy, the use of an electric brush is recommended),
4. Use dental floss every day,
5. Use oral rinsing solution daily to reduce plaque between teeth,
6. Regular examination and professional cleaning on the recommendation of a dentist.
What do we recommend for the treatment of periodontitis?
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